Friday, December 30, 2011

HTML ComboBox control (and ASP.NET MVC sample)


Combo box control in desktop applications is different from normal <select> HTML element in ability to type in arbitrary text:

Recently I've been searching for an easy option of implementing the above UI functionality in cross-browser manner within ASP.NET MVC application. After googling for some time I didn't find any solution according my requirements. On many forums I came across link to jQuery UI sample combo box widget which demos how Autocomplete widget can be extended to address similar requirements
The concept is simple, the widget extends specific <select> element by hiding it, adding input element and button on it's place and setting up Autocomplete widget to use <select> options as data source.
Please note that combo box widget is not included into jQuery UI bundle (as opposed to Autocomplete) and after you add to your page jQuery and jQuery UI scripts you'll also have to add custom combo box code snippet (script + CSS) from the above page.
After trying out the widget I've ended up with following issues:
  1. The control lets type in text but is not supposed to submit any custom input value
  2. The text typed is being validated against available options and if no corresponding text is found in <option> then user input is reverted
  3. CSS provided has cross-browser rendering issue

When I played a bit with the widget I recevied custom solution which is based on jQuery UI Autocomplete and Combobox sample:

  1. Text different from <select> options can be submitted to the server
  2. CSS was fixed to work in various browsers (tested in FF9, Chrome, IE 6, 7, 8, 9)

HTML output for the widget looks the following way:

As you can see the extended <select> is hidden, and input with name {}Custom is rendered next to it.

Using the control

In order to use the widget on your page your need to:

  1. References jQuery
  2. Reference jQuery UI with auto complete included
  3. Reference ComboboxWidget.js script
  4. Include ComboBox.cs styles

All the above files can be downloaded from here. Includes in ASP.NET MVC views may look as goes bellow:

<script type="text/javascript" src="<%=Url.Content("~/JavaScripts/jquery-1.7.1_min.js")%>"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="<%=Url.Content("~/JavaScripts/jquery-ui-1.8.16.custom.min.js"/>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="<%=Url.Content("~/Style/ComboBox.css")%>"/>
<script type="text/javascript" src="<%=Url.Content("~/JavaScripts/ComboboxWidget.js")%>"></script>

Assume we have the following view model which is used in strongly typed view:
public class SampleViewModel
public string SelectedId { get; set; }
public string SelectedIdCustom { get; set; }
public Dictionary SelectOptions { get; set; }

public bool IsCustomValue
return SelectedIdCustom != null &&

Rendering <select> element and binding the widget in the view is a follows:

<%= Html.DropDownListFor(m => m.SelectedId, new SelectList(Model.SelectOption, "Key", "Value"))%>

$(document).ready(function () {

If the above element is placed in a form for action "Save" the controller for processing combo box values looks the following way:

public ViewResult Save(SampleViewModel viewModel)
GetSelectOptions(viewModel); // Fetch DB values and fill in SelectOptions dictionary

if (viewModel.IsCustomValue) // Is user typed in custom text
SaveNewValue(viewModel.SelectedIdCustom); // Do some actions with the value
else // a user has selected one of existing options
SaveExistingValue(viewModel.SelectedIdCustom); // Do some actions

return View(viewModel);

Thursday, December 8, 2011

Selenium Web Driver animation synchronization

A simple test case:
  • A user clicks on a button
  • A pop-up slides down
  • The user clicks close button in the pop-up
  • The pop-op is sliding up and closes

That's a simple GUI use case which uses animation (gradual resizing). Normally when automating a pup-up via Selenium you'll click a button, after that check visibility of a DIV and then click the close button. The problem is that the browser won't handle any clicks until animation is over.

Using Thread.Sleep() or any similar execution delay is not a good technique (slow, hard to choose optimal value for both slow and fast environments etc.). Bellow you may find a C# extension method for Selenium IWebDriver interface which utilizes polling mechanism in order trace element style changes and decide whether animation is over:

public static void WaitForCssStyleChange(this IWebDriver webDriver, string xPath,
bool failOnNoCHange = true)
var i = 0; // poll counter
var cumulative = 0; // the number of CSS/style checks that didn't find any changes
var element = webDriver.FindElementEx(By.XPath(xPath));
var originalCss = element == null ? String.Empty : element.GetAttribute("class");
var originalStyle = element == null ? String.Empty : element.GetAttribute("style");
var prevCss = originalCss;
var prevStyle = originalStyle;

while (i < SeleniumConfiguration.PollingThreshold) // Do polls until threshold is exceeded
element = webDriver.FindElementEx(By.XPath(xPath));
if (element != null)
var css = element.GetAttribute("class");
var style = element.GetAttribute("style");

// if the previous CSS/Style is same - increase the counter
if ((css == prevCss || style == prevStyle)) cumulative++;
if (cumulative > 2) return; // most like animation is over

prevCss = css;
prevStyle = style;

Thread.Sleep(SeleniumConfiguration.PollingPeriod * 100);

if (element == null) throw new TimeoutException("Element not found "); // fail if no element
if (failOnNoCHange && (originalCss == prevCss) && (originalStyle == prevCss))
throw new TimeoutException("Element was not changed"); //require element style/CSS change

The approach is similar to a common AJAX synchronization solution via polling (where a test waits for some element to become present or visible) . The difference is that in our case we are trying not to register a single DOM change, but see when element's style is in progress of changing and when it stops. Style changes stopped - animation completed and the element is ready for use.

Worked for me in IE8, 9 and FF.